Home' THE Journal : April 2013 Contents One element of LRMI is assigning
metatags to information so a teacher will
know not only the standard to which that a
piece of content is tied, but also the type of
content it is (movie, jpeg, etc.) so that it can
be used most effectively. Metatagging also
helps teachers and districts share informa-
tion, lesson plans, and other resources.
Once a framework for nding resources
is in place, initiatives such as GIM-CCSS
come into play, with the goal of mapping
digital content or assessment items to the
Common Core State Standards as well as
other state standards.
If all of these initiatives are just plumbing,
though, why should CTOs act on them?
Well, in the same way a bad plumbing job
leads to insidious leaks that can undermine
the integrity of your home, faulty informa-
tion systems can hurt your district.
To achieve instructional integrity, your dis-
trict needs to have policies that require any
new software purchases to work together
so that the data they carry moves smoothly
| APRIL 2013
POLICY & ADVOCACY DEFINING THE
The sheer number of data standards
and frameworks can be intimidating.
Here's a simple description of each,
excerpted from a draft version of the
SETDA white paper.
Data De nition
Assessment Interoperability Frame-
work (AIF) provides a common struc-
ture to allow for the transfer of any
data associated with assessment sys-
tems; including student and teacher
information, learning standards, as-
sessment items, results, and related
data across systems.
Common Education Data Standards
(CEDS) provides a common structure
through a data dictionary and a logical
data model for information that needs
to be shared across education organi-
IMS Global Learning Consortium
offers content, application, and data
standards that enable educational con-
tent and software to be deployed in a
form that can be mixed and matched by
teachers in popular learning platforms.
P20W Education Standards Council
(PESC) consists of 10 standards for
sharing speci c types of education
data, such as transcript and admis-
Schools Interoperability Framework
(SIF) includes a technical standard
used by education software develop-
ers to ease the transfer of data among
applications used by schools, districts,
and state agencies. If CEDS is the
proverbial brick, then SIF is the mortar
that helps create a solid house.
Digital Passport is a tool that brokers
the exchange of student data between
states or districts to enable electronic
record transfer as students move from
one school to another.
Ed-Fi is a data model combined with a
tool suite that streamlines the sharing
of student data and also provides the
elements of dashboards that educa-
tors can use to improve the academic
outcomes of students.
InBloom provides cloud-based stor-
age for schools and districts to main-
tain data from multiple systems in a
common location with a set of APIs to
make it easier for developers to build
applications using school data.
MyData is the functionality within
any system that maintains student
data, which allows students and their
families to export their data in an open
format to maintain a copy of their own
Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) is
an open platform for storing and shar-
ing recognition for skills and achieve-
ments that students have completed.
Any organization can issue badges,
and learners can manage and display
their badges from across the web in a
Granular Identi ers and Metadata
for the Common Core State Standards
(GIM-CCSS) supplies ne-granulated
identi ers to the Common Core stan-
dards to enable them to be aligned to
education resources. Digital content cre-
ators can use these identi ers to align
their materials to speci c standards.
The Learning Registry is an open
repository of metadata about digital
learning resources across the inter-
net, including location and information
about alignment to learning standards.
The Learning Resource Metadata
Initiative (LRMI) provides a common
structure for tagging of learning re-
sources that can be used by search
engines and content delivery platforms
to deliver more precise results and
richer ltering capabilities than tradi-
tional web searches.
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